We are part of
the history of an ecuador
Hacienda Chuquipogio, where Hostería La Andaluza is currently located, keeps in its walls and floor: centuries of history. Important historical moments took place here, from the time when it was inhabited by brave and brave Puruháes, the expansion of the Inca empire, the Spanish conquest that generated so many longings for freedom, the years of formation of the new republic where we find the roots of the Ecuadorian culture; facts that have earned its old mansion to be declared as Cultural Heritage of Ecuador. All the soul of Ecuadorian history has been restored by a harmonious blend of the charm of the old and the comfort of the contemporary. Today Hosteria La Andaluza has become an exclusive hotel-museum surrounded by nature, history and timeless elegance. We invite you to let yourself be enveloped by the magic of the history of this place. Let's start this journey through time!
These lands that belonged to the brave Puruháes for many years were later conquered, with no little effort, by the Inca Empire around 1510 in its quest for expansion.
It is precisely in the Inca period that the name Chuquipogio was born, a name given by the Incas. This name comes from two Quichua words. "Chuqui" was the name of the well-known tribe of native Peruvian Mitmas of the Chuqui Aronis, from the Condesuyo, who were sent by orders of Huayna Capac to control the inhabitants of the area, protect the royal road or Capac Ñan and its journey through the eastern paramos of Chimborazo to the royal quarters in Mocha.
Pogyo" means "spring", in reference to the spring of water found in the area coming from the Chimborazo volcano, which has always been of great importance for its inhabitants. That is to say "spring of the Chuquis".
The presence of the Incas, their adoration for water, for the snow-capped mountains and their culture itself is so deeply rooted in the history of this place, that according to the well-known historian Segundo Moreno it would not be surprising to find in the vicinity of the springs of Chuquipogio one or more "capacochas" that were royal duties of the Incas, who in gratitude to the gods and the springs of Chimborazo sacrificed children of exceptional beauty. According to Inca beliefs, the children did not die but met their ancestors who watched the people of the high peaks.
Not for long these lands were Inca territory, because with the arrival of the first Spaniards the control of the area changed its destiny.
One of the first Spaniards to arrive in America was Captain Hernando de la Parra, in the year 1533; and according to historians, he was one of the bravest and most intrepid conquerors of the Kingdom of Quito, as well as one of the most powerful and richest men that existed at the time.
It was Captain de la Parra who on January 10, 1535 captured Rumiñahui, Inca General, in the "Topalibi" mountain, when he saw an Indian adorned with necklaces and bracelets that shone with the rays of the sun, throwing himself into the void, but he remained entangled and hung in one of the thick bushes of Chilca. Taken down by some soldiers, he said his name was Rumiñahui and was taken to where Benalcázar was with the objective of obtaining information of the place where the treasures of Huayna Capac, father of Rumiñahui, were hidden; when not getting a single word, the life of the brave Inca general Rumiñahui ended. It was precisely Captain Hernando de la Parra who a few years after the Spanish conquest, on December 29, 1551 the town council of the city of Quito, in the distribution of land was granted the provision of Hacienda Chuquipogio.
During the colonial era that lasted almost three centuries, Chuquipogio changed owners constantly, between representatives of the Spanish crown, chiefs or patriots with a clear royalist ideology and with great economic power at the time. The importance of these lands was based on the water source coming from the Chimborazo, which created a certain control over the inhabitants due to the need for this vital liquid and also because of its strategic location and extension. It was undoubtedly one of the most important haciendas of the time. Some time later these lands of Chuquipogio were inherited by Mateo Rodríguez de La Parra, third son of the Spanish conqueror, who in turn left them to his son-in-law Francisco de Guevara, who years later sold them to Captain José Villavicencio. Later the property was auctioned by the realist Juan Rodríguez del Campo. Who in turn transferred it to Captain Juan Vega, in October 1647. Chuquipoguio changed owners constantly and, thus, Juan de la Vega sold it to Antonio López de Galarza, owner of the obraje of San Andrés, for six thousand patacones. From this, it became the property of Captain Juan Sanchez de Navadejos, in the second decade of the XVIII century. Juan Sanchez de Navadejos died, with many debts due to lawsuits with the caciques of San Andres for the possession of the chapel of Nuestra Señora de la Natividad de Chuquipogio, leaving the hacienda loaded with debts. On April 9, 1717, the Chuquipogio hacienda was seized and purchased by Captain José de la Rea, also a Spanish royalist. There is not enough information about the owners of Chuquipogio in the following years; however, by 1812 the owner of the property was the cacique Anselma Lobato de San Andrés. This is where Captain Martín Chiriboga y León became part of the history of this important hacienda. A Riobambeño, persecutor of Riobambeños patriots and loyal to the King of Spain, he obtained the property of Chuquipogio, when he made Mrs. Anselma Lobato, a noble indigenous cacique, godmother of one of his daughters, who gave her goddaughter the Chuquipogio hcda. as a christening gift. Chiriboga, although a criollo, due to his royalist ideology and loyalty to the Spanish crown, obtained the title of corregidor of Riobamba from 1812 to 1820. Sucre and Bolivar through an exchange of letters, always tried to win Chiriboga and Leon to their patriotic cause, without knowing that Chiriboga exchanged letters with the Spanish royalty and President Almerich informing about the revolutionary plans and frustrating on several occasions the desired independence. This lack of patriotism of the Spanish realist, had as an objective the pretension of being named Marquis of Chimborazo by the Spanish crown. For all his loyalty to the Spanish crown, on June 7, 1815, the King granted him the Corregimiento of Riobamba and awarded him the first class Cross of the American Order of Isabella the Catholic.
The Cabildo of Riobamba receives Simon Bolivar on July 1, 1822 and pays him a just tribute for his revolutionary merits. The civil and military chief of Riobamba, Leon Febres Cordero and a squad of Dragoons escorting him for the rest of the trip.
As described by the Costales spouses in their work "Los Colosos" in which they detail the Liberator's journey and his encounter with Chimborazo, it was on this trip that Bolivar started his delirium, which led him to write his famous poem "Mi Delirio sobre el Chimborazo" (My Delirium on Chimborazo).
A year after Bolivar's visit to Chuquipogio, in the ems of June 1823 was finally discovered the treason of the realist Martin Chiriboga y Leon, finding letters and documents clear evidence of being an anti-revolutionary leader and to the dismay of the Republicans found in one of his haciendas in the province of Chimborazo, two loads of ammunition coming from Guayaquil, where the royalists were still fighting despite the formal declaration of independence, as were the Creole royalists in other parts of the territory.
On July 27, 1823, Bolivar, indignant with Chiriboga's treason, ordered him to be taken prisoner and sent to Guayaquil, and all his assets were to be seized, including the Chuquipogio hacienda. On August 8 of the same year, Don Martin was captured in Esmeraldas and by August 18 he was on his way to the city of Guayaquil. At the end of 1823, aboard a boat that would take him to his destination, he died aboard the schooner Ana, three hours before disembarking in Kingston, Jamaica. He died poor, with 288 pesos, a small amount for the fortune he had possessed, since his goods seized by Bolivar were valued at around 230,000 pesos. Thus, several historical events took place in our hacienda, among the most important ones: it was the meeting place for the Marcist Revolution (1843), lodging place for important characters of the First Constituent (1812) and the stay of the Liberator Simón Bolívar on his way to the conquest (1830), It was not until July 27, 1823, that Bolivar ordered Chiriboga's banishment and the seizure of all his assets, to somehow compensate for all the evil he had done to the South and to the general cause of America, including Chuquipogio. Chiriboga and Leon In 1823 the Chuquipogio hacienda had become the property of Andrés Larrea Villamagán, captain and hero of the independence.
Precisely because of the historical value that Hacienda Chuquipogio has, the National Institute of Cultural Heritage of Ecuador, declared in 2012, the hacienda house as Cultural Heritage of Ecuador, and became part of the heritage assets of the cultural inventory of the city. In 1986 a tourism project was initiated to rescue the history of the hacienda and open our doors to national and foreign tourists, giving it the name of Hosteria La Andaluza, due to its colonial construction with a striking Andalusian patio, typical of colonial buildings. Hosteria La Andaluza- Hacienda Chquippogio is a portal to another era, preserved to provide visitors with an authentic and memorable experience, which invites you to discover and feel the history of the place, and thus create and live their own stories.