Stresses knot Tio-boxes, limit the basins of Chambo and Chanchán. Significant elevations are Chimborazo (Ecuador's highest mountain), the Altar with 5,320 m.
The highlight of this province is rugged and whimsical.
Elevations predominate in it the highest mountain rises Ecuador: Chimborazo (. 6.3l0 mts) which is also among the highest in the world.
It is crossed by a series of mountain chains which bind to the branches of the Andes. To the south is the knot Tiocajas separating the basin of Riobamba or the hoya Chambo Chanchán. A little north of Chimborazo Carihuairazo rises to 4,990 meters. height. In the Cordillera Central are the Altar Quilimas and among the most important.
In the center of the basin (between the pond of Colt, the Guamote the Chambo River and Chibunga) are the Yaruquíes hills.
Several lakes have been formed due to the melting of the mountains. The main ones are: Colt (Duck Lake), gaps Colay Cocha, Ozogoche (located in the Cordillera Oriental). The latter can be reached by a detour Charicando near Palmyra.
Potato production is important and l985 year exceeded 90 thousand metric tons. Other important products are barley, corn, beans, bean, onion, lettuce, beets, yellow carrots. An important item is the apple production area Penipe-Bayusig.
The area under agricultural cultivation is estimated about 56 thousand hectares of pasture and exceeds l66 hectares.
Livestock population stands bovine, porcine and ovina.En importance province has horses, mules and donkeys population.
Mines and other natural resources
In Tixán there are sulfur mines where some years ago with an American company granting Chemical Plants. In Zula (Canton Alausí) there are marble mines.
In the most important hot springs are near Guano Elenes curing rheumatic diseases and skin conditions, the Santa Cruz, Cubijíes, Guayllabamba and Palitagua.
Water resources are abundant and the fail in electrification and irrigation. It is important Chambo irrigation canal that irrigates an area of 7,830 hectares.
In Ulpan, Chibunga, Nitiluisa, Sali, Timbul Huacona and rivers have been planted near l5.000 fry.